Therapist looks at each group member separately, as well as how empathy participants are combined and create a General figure of the group.
the Therapist's catcher of the atmosphere and the shape (body) of the group. From the background uncertainties is born a common need that the therapist is aware and returns the group.
When group work is important setting of the original agreement : rules of conduct in the group, confidentiality, beginning, time, payment, skip, close the group, open group, accepting new members, if the participant is excluded – as there is a redistribution of charge. Criteria for participants: age, with the exception of couples, friends, acquaintances, and colleagues.
Setting aimed at the formation of the group in the first place – security.
the Group is of 5 people, with a smaller number of participants will not appear in group processes.
Personality-oriented therapy is focused on staying locked experience.
tasks of a therapeutic group :
- Display a blocked experience of the participant group at the contact interface and experience blocked the experience to close the Gestalt and release of energy – to get new experiences.
- figure Out where the lost dialogue of the client with the world.
- the Collision of the client (group member) with his problem, the therapist confronts the client with his problem and with the social environment (group).
there are the following groups :
T – group, training group. (Founder, Kurt Lewin)
It is the experience of interaction participants the group Leader and obtain a communicative experience with the Leader and among themselves.
Share the following phase groups :
- Phase dependencies . In this phase the participants avoid anxiety and manifestations of the relationship to the coach as the teacher's figure. In this phase, the participant behaves as it behaved before with the teacher in the school. Coach is a behavior among participants. Competence of the coach is not discussed, but is being questioned.
- Phase interdependence. Phase charm.
- the Phase of the counter-dependence getaways.
- expansion Phase, catharsis. The excitement of belonging to a group Crisis between solidarity and individuality. Frustration – fight. Convergence – lock. Intimacy is acceptance. To preserve the unity/save the border. Agreed the validity.
On all phases – the struggle for leadership always.
Gestalt group, or encounter group (founder Carl Rogers) encounter – clash, battle.
- Phase of wearing social masks.
In this phase – a clash of social roles. The team member is engaged in a dialogue of the usual social role, which he used to be and be produced to the society.
- Breakthrough of the senses. Phase aggression
In this phase, the masks break down the social mask and a fight for the sincerity of feelings through aggression.
- the Growth of self-acceptance
After the aggression, meetings, collisions – there is a deep spot yourself and self-acceptance.
Therapeutic group. (Irvin Yalom Group therapy, existential approach).
the Main condition of this group that participants are in a treatment relationship with the host.
the Group is carried out in 1.5-2 hours a week.
therapeutic and social – the participant seeks the answer to the question : "Who am I in this group ?" Looking for some life-saving role, respect, approval, - what is important in life ? Socially acceptable way, which would cause the approval or sympathy.
the Group awaits approval from the master.
1.Phase – search and advice
2.Phase – the conflict and aggression.
If the lead therapist will not tolerate aggression to ourselves, the group will always be on 1 phase.
3.Phase – group consistency group decides to intimacy, revelation and discovery of yourself. The therapist at this stage can not withstand warmth and love, there is a dependence. The therapist may be afraid of addiction and reject it.
group develops a certain mood. The atmosphere is consistency. A group therapist examines the groups field. The atmosphere inside of the group watching her GP.
Dynamics of processes in the group.
- In the group look – who initiates ?
it is Important to hear from everyone.
For some participants, it is possible to go.
the Task is to find out what NOT is experienced in the group.
Every conflict unites all members of the group
- group builds up a joint body.
- group develops norms and belief systems.
- Group identificireba for unity and discernment boundaries.
the Group is looking for a "scapegoat" is a choice group or choice of therapist.
- the Group is constantly changing in time period.
- People in groups to distinguish the positions of power. A person chooses a safe position. Want to take a comfortable place. Those who used to be on the first roles will be to fight for power. The participant seeks the answer to the questions: "To what extent will I be noticeable ? Fight or stealth. How do I live?" The group meets and talks like. Plus the answer to the member on the specific situation.
Group is the world, our way of presenting the world.
the Therapist needs to watch how people communicate and how to present their experiences in the world.
- Group shows the value of each person.
- the Group gives the opportunity for comparison. Method for himself. Destroys the feeling of loneliness.
- Environment group says about who you are.
a Group decision, instead of norms and beliefs.
How to stay in the group and nothing to worry about ?
confirms the theory Group focal conflict. (Thomas Schelling).
under a common desire – the conflict between desire and fear, the impulse of the soul.
In the Kabbalah it is said that in the group it is possible to understand the Almighty.
participation in the group is always exciting and informative for both the participants and for the therapist !