About obsessive neurosis and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (historical information)


About obsessive neurosis and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder written many. But it work CFreud has allowed psychoanalysis to move from simple observation of obsessive and compulsive symptoms to identify personality structures that cause them.

Freud developed a model of psychosexual development in which he identified the anal stage, which corresponds to the period of toilet training. Introduced by Sigmund Freud the term “anal character” captures the essence of the main conflict, which is experienced obsessive person – the conflict of guilt and desire. In the anal stage, the child, on the one hand, experiences pleasure from the process of defecation, on the other – carried out by the mother “toilet training" makes him feel shame and guilt for having fun. “the Anal character” is based on the acceptance of parental values ‘cleanliness and order” due to the abandonment of infantile pleasure. Thus, formed from obsessive person compensatory character structure allows it to take values other powerful, while remaining cut off from their own needs and desires. And such a concession is expensive.

Based on observations Freud on the obsessive tendency to thrift, rigidity and righteousness, Ferenczi  called “sphincter morality” the desire of a man to perfection, and the willingness to condemn others because their life does not match his high standards.

Reich just noticed that people with obsessive-compulsive structure, displacing their aggression to be more strong-willed, and those who suppress anger internetizirovannyh, acting smug and hypocritical. According to Nancy McWilliams, basic conflict obsessive nature – it is a conflict between rage and fear; rage due to the fact that his control, and the fear that he would be punished.

Obsessive who is afraid to make a mistake and be punished for what he's not perfect. Obsessive compulsive people have learned for myself that there is a welcome, but fairly limited set of acceptable forms of behaviour. Emotional style obsessive-compulsive personality -  inflexible, angry, and irritable frustrerande.

because Of the internal rift such people often experience anxiety and have to struggle for composure.

In modern studies, the focus shifted to interpersonal dynamics and to the fore the problem of low self-esteem and lack of confidence, difficulties in anger management and addiction. Obsessive-compulsive person tends to suppress any manifestation of anger, even if to mask their own hostility he has to behave respectfully and humbly.

childhood obsessive-structured person punished for the failure and very little praise or not at all encouraged for success. He was given a little warmth and it was all controlled. Mainly it was to avoid criticism and punishment. In the childhood and adolescence of these people, most likely, constantly intimidated and forced to obey the rules, “stepping on the throat of his own song”.

Amalia Makarenko
counseling and psychotherapy (Person, Viber/WhatsApp/Botim: + 38067 7288010)

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