Cognitive behavioral therapy


the Main aspects of any human activity are:

Thinking - Emotions - Behavior.

And there is a direct and inverse relationship, since a change in one component causes a change in another and Vice versa. Cognitive behavioral therapy focus on working with thoughts. Simply put, the person feels like he thinks, that is not affect a person, and assessment, understanding, and interpretation of these situations.

our culture tends to believe that events or other people are the source of human emotion, but actually it is not. Emotions man creates himself. After all, the same event each person perceives differently and therefore reacts differently.

Model SMER

a Conceptual model of cognitive behavioral therapy looks like this:



the value of the AUTOMATIC THOUGHTS



What happened in fact?

What I saw?

who said?

Any thoughts or images you have any in mind?

What did you think?

What does this mean for you?

What does that prove?

what does this say about me?

What you


some emotion?

(anger, anger, resentment,

shame, fear,


What did you feel in the body and what have you done?

let us Consider an example.

You're late for work. It is a fact and this is the situation, you are really late. Automatic thought can look like the following: "Oh, shit, I'm late and the boss will notice it!!!" And then you start to appreciate this automatic thought and the value of this idea might be: "Oh, chief, I will be unhappy, and lately he's often unhappy and it means that I am not competent, and this may lead to dismissal, and this in turn, of course, is to what work I can find and will die of starvation or beg for quarters and it's awful, I'm a loser....". And that's your rating and thoughts we interpret a situation. It is this interpretation and raises the emotion of fear in this example. And as a result a person may experience in the body unpleasant feelings, for example the heartbeat, and the behavior of his is the avoidance of the head.

the assessment of automatic thoughts are subjective, because not everybody will accept the opinion of the chief at their own expense and not everyone will think in case of job loss they will die and will be 100% loser. Each person will think differently and appreciate their thoughts in different ways.

In CBT, how a person evaluates his thoughts classified and called "cognitive errors."

the Core cognitive error of thinking:

  • catastrophization,
  • prescriptions,
  • value judgment
  • generalization
  • mind reading
  • predicting the future
  • low frustration tolerance
  • personalization and other, they are of course much more.

the outset that these errors should not be perceived as something terrible and a sign of mental illness.) It's just a way of thinking, it is present in all people. Just at some point the level of emotion increases and passes a certain boundary, and as in the tale of "porridge Pot" of emotions pour over the edge.

let us Consider the same example with the head. So it will look sketchy.



the value of the AUTOMATIC THOUGHTS



late for work

"Oh, shit, I'm late and the boss will notice it!!!"

It means I'm incompetent!

This means I'm a loser!

This is horrible!

I can't stand it!



Cognitive errors are as follows: value judgment, catastrophization and low frustration tolerance.

Even while reading this you have some automatic thoughts: "Interesting information, I can learn it" or "Oh, I'm wrong and it's awful." And each thought will trigger a different reaction in the first case, people will probably continue to explore this topic and the other angry and closes the page.

the task of the cognitive therapist, to learn to see these thoughts or irrational beliefs and to question them. One begins to see for himself as he creates your emotions. During the debate using the Socratic dialogue beliefs are challenged and become more flexible, and the stress level is reduced. What actually want to achieve.

When a person uses CBT, he grows as a person and timid of the person is successful and an independent person. Of course this is not therapy one consultation, but CBT not enough for a long time.

In the course of counseling with the therapist respects the client as an individual and is an inspiring teacher who tries to teach his clients how to be a therapist yourself after the end of the session.

to apply for a consultation by phone: 8 931 488 9000

Sidorenko Yuliya
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