the Crisis of 7 years is often called "soft", that is, for parents it is somehow "invisible". Well, if so, then the parents can rejoice. Looks like they are great: with the problems from the previous test was successful. This is not flattery but praise and sincere recognition of and baby and parent, but the parent still more. For a child is a natural evolutionary tasks, and for parents - and even very time-consuming, diverse and responsible process in the creation of conditions for their successful solution.

Before talking about the "invisible" crisis, a look back. The psyche of the child from 3 to 7 years overcomes the colossal stage of development. Intensity compared to him, except that the first year of life. Leading mental activity in this period is the GAME. For the development of mentality (attention: not the feet, hands and even mind-the psyche as a whole) is required to play. Game for kids - this study. Albert Einstein aptly summed up that "the solution of physical problems is a children's game compared to scientific and psychological studies of children's games." Psychologists fully agree with him and very skeptical about the now fashionable obsession with raising little geniuses. If the five-year "scientist" leads you to the emotion knowledge of Newton's laws or formulas from the periodic table, but cannot join the game peers, or to organize their own play activities, with Newton and Mendeleev need to finish. It has been noticed that haste makes waste and even will pay.

It is with 3 to 7 years, children acquire the normative basic communication, emotional and social experience.

Complex psychological the child's readiness for school is determined by this experience, not the number of read words per minute! Markers of poor training is the inability to communicate with classmates, poor academic performance, pugnacity, and other signs of "bad behavior."

Usually, the children from the preparatory group with the desire and interest waiting for the 1st of September. On the one hand, affects the unconscious stimulus to the development (to gain the perceived status of the student). On the other hand, the prospect of novelty always attracts the young Explorer. The question is, how will he feel when it's new will become an everyday reality.

the Transition to school marks a change leading mental activities, when the game sends the palm DOCTRINE.

so, let's look at the period of primary school through a psychological prism. What happens to the psyche?

  • first, from a psychological point of view, is the beginning of a very ambivalent (ambivalent) age.
  • School puts the child in some reverie, demanding more sophisticated skills to communicate with society and with their peers. Life now adjusted to the school schedule, status, and social structure of the relationship has changed (child - teacher, child - classmates). Both factors inevitably influence the structure of personality. Psyche forms the campy, demonstrative behavior mannerisms hides the inner life. So the child learns to hide from society their emotions and control their symptoms.
  • Logic thinking grow up, but naivete remains. Thinking formed as soon as the child explores scientific and moral heritage of society. Parents can already have a less - important role played by the environment. It is important that the child is very sensitive to various measurement standards, and now, if the teacher violates the rules, the child is also violated. (Although parental responsibility is not removed!).
  • Built the individual peculiarities of thinking, improves memory and its use.
  • Appears metacognition (knowledge about their mental features).
  • second, the development of the psyche occurs on the background of active anatomical and physiological processes, and it also has ambivalence:
  • frontal lobe, responsible for the regulation of the activities reach their peak, but the excitation processes are still prevailing;
  • there is an active growth period of physical activity and stamina, but fatigue is still high (children can be difficult to make the sedentary mugs after school);
  • there is puberty;
  • develop communication between nerve cells, increasing specialization of the hemispheres, strengthens the nervous tissue;
  • increases the volume of the brain;
  • the growth of the body reaches 5-7 cm per year, grow teeth.
  • For a child everything is energetically costly, but it is natural, therefore, in the psychological context of the elementary school - still a pretty good age. My parents (in the vast majority of cases) there is a time for self-development - it would wish. If the desire is there - great. Fewer surprises will present the next crisis, which certainly does not fit the definition of "soft"!

    Tatyana Firsova
    Статья выложена в ознакомительных целях. Все права на текст принадлежат ресурсу и/или автору (B17 B17)

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