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the Dialogue (along with field theory and phenomenology) can rightly be considered one of the "pillars" on which rests the Gestalt therapy. And before we uncover the essence of drogichinskoe interaction of the therapist with the client, say a few words about the other two pillars. This approach, hopefully, will be logical and justified.

so, phenomenology. It therapist to be a therapist (not a detective, anxious search for the truth and the guilty), it is important to focus on the description of phenomena (what is happening with the client during the session), and not on the interpretation. If the client is humid eyes, or he actively began to manipulate the wedding ring, then shooting, then again returning it to the place, pay his attention to these phenomena – let him say what they mean. Therapist that know for sure can't, though, because of their experience can with high probability to assume the "right" reasons.

In the flow of phenomena is all important. And not the therapist decides what is important and what is not important is the task of the client. In line with this approach the customer is delegated a greater degree of freedom of selection of priorities, which will focus therapy. The priority here is built uncomplicated way – as a rule, the individual satisfied the most urgent need, and not the ethical and not the highest in the culture. To notice it in the course of the session on a bodily, non-verbal manifestations. And if the client is your actual requirement is not quite aware of the task of the therapist to draw his attention to the signs (markers), which she manifests on himself.

Now about field theory. As we know, no living person on Earth is not self-sufficient. He was born his parents grew up and became a man thanks to numerous contacts with representatives of the human race. Ie it can only exist in an environment along with which in every moment is one integrated field. And then his behavior can be considered as a function of the field. This behavior (activity or passivity, as well as combinations thereof) is determined by the nature of the relationship between the individual and its environment. (A special case of behavior – the interaction of client and therapist in terms of therapeutic sessions).

If the relationship is mutually satisfy both parties, such behavior is considered normal. If there are unduly frequent or not at all solvable conflict, the behavior of a person is determined as abnormal. The environment creates the individual, as the individual creates an environment. It is appropriate to talk about varying degrees of influence and even the immanence of the field. And the environment and the individual are what they are, with their particular nature, due to their relations to each other and to the whole.

note that in recent times among professional Gestalt therapists more and more attention is given to the importance of the background, not to the detriment of the relevance of the figure (priority needs). Well, you see, as much as possible, considering the contact as a psychological phenomenon of human relations, to belittle the significance of the background, as a means of support, and support for the individual. For example, the strength of his convictions and the power of the spirit in General, as belonging to a certain set of values.

the Dialogue. In short, communication with the client is primary, everything else is for the therapist should not exist, since the inclusion (and only it) at the Dialogic relations gives the opportunity to show everything that was hidden, occur everything that may occur and benefit of therapy. In other words, dialogue is a fertile soil and giving seedlings, and the life-giving moisture and sunlight.

Emotional state of a therapist in session with a client close to empathy. He shows the interested presence, remaining, so to speak, in "their own skin", while maintaining therapeutic objectivity.

the Therapist cannot be in the position of the client, and so the problem had not. And it seems that once again it is worth noting that the dialogue with the client is based in the paradigm of "subject-subject" relationship, where each party will retain the right to autonomy and to freedom of expression of thoughts, feelings and actions. Another thing – work, for example, psychotic clients warehouse with special, difficult experience. In this state, their perception of reality is distorted, and the ability to "see" the Other (in particular, the therapist) can be completely eliminated.

2013-12-30
Статья выложена в ознакомительных целях. Все права на текст принадлежат ресурсу и/или автору (B17 B17)

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