nowadays, increased number of teenagers seeking to lose weight to exhaustion. What is the cause?

In one case you start to starve in order to physically change your body, lose weight and conform to the image of the models. In another case, fasting can be a goal that is satisfactory. The striker showing signs of physical exhaustion, lost control, and he ceases to hear the arguments of others.

One of the forms of eating disorders is anorexia nervosa. Adolescent behaviour aimed at weight loss and weight loss. He observed peculiar attitude toward food, the fear of gaining weight and disturbance of body scheme.

Anorexia nervosa is divided into the true (reduced hunger) and false (the person experiences hunger but refuses to eat because of the desire to change their appearance).

At the initial stage the girl arises the idea of having excess weight and the fear of ridicule. Her mood drops, it seems that it all watch and laugh at her, she is constantly weighed, stops eating high-calorie food.In the second stage, you become convinced of having excessive weight. The teenager says that he's fat, constantly looking at myself in the mirror, secretly refuse to eat, drinks a lot instead of eating, after eating, causes vomiting, doing enemas, exercises, enough sleeping.

At the last stage of the disease comes total exhaustion disappears appetite, dystrophy the muscles become thinner, the skin gets dry and flaky, losing teeth and hair, lowered body temperature and pressure, slows the pulse, reduces blood sugar levels, you may experience seizures, develops gastritis. This man continues to find the excess weight.

eating disorders can be the consequence of pathological development of character and the consequence of psychotic disorders.

When pathological disorder nature of the disorder of food behavior related to the properties of nature and shape its reactions to relationships with others.

the disease may end in complete recovery, recovery with subsequent recurrence and death. The possibility of recovery is associated with family relations and the beginning of treatment.

it Is believed that anorexia can be caused by increased anxiety teen associated with premature social independence and sexual activity. In the base of the food alterations can be repressed into the unconscious envy, jealousy and anger.

Refusing food, a teenager attracted the attention of parents, they began to worry about him and paid him attention. Refusal of food is used as a tool to be taken care of, and if that fails, then at least to piss off parents and to establish control over it.

If a girl loses weight, obsession with weight loss may be associated with the rejection of femininity and female forms, some kind of attempt to protect himself from growing up, in connection with the unavailability to the expectations of the adult world.

eating disorders tend to be emotionally vulnerable, sensitive and communicative enough teenagers, they have some inherent slowness in cognition and emotional restraint, they are obedient and polite, and prefer predictability, order and stability, do not take risks, the stress response is accompanied by excitement and strong emotions, they focus on the process of self-improvement, guided by the principle "all or nothing", so you can assess yourself in the mirror or as thick or as perfect.

Anorexia can cause offensive parents or peers regarding weight of the body. The teenager is not aware that refusal of food is threatening his life.

the family of a girl with eating disorder there is a desire for social success, the cultivation of perfectionism and vanity. A girl can feel a sense of inferiority about his brothers (brother). Interaction within the family is based on control and hyperopic, often children are involved in parental conflicts. Denied emotional conflicts, inadequate methods of conflict resolution, resulting in the family a tense atmosphere, but the surrounding family members demonstrate a picture of family well-being.

family Members are trying to impose each other their own relationship model, rejecting the proposed models in other family members. The child fights with their parents for power and his own body is the sphere in which he has the opportunity to preserve some sort of independence.

Families with children who have eating disorders similar place, here are some of them.

the family is dominated by women: the mother or grandmother. Father emotionally displaced under the pressure of his mother. By reducing its value father away from family and the mother gets unlimited power.

— hysteroid dominant mother demands from the child that he was first and supports the myth of the "ideal figure". The illness of the child exacerbates the hidden family conflicts and contact with the parents is lost;

— paranoid dominant mother uses in raising a higher moral responsibility and enforces the myth of a happy family. Sick child for a long time protected from the contact with a specialist, and once you have a serious illness the mother rejects it.

the Mother, a single mother of a child tied to her child, sure of the correctness of the behavior of his daughter and fully supports it. She denies she has a serious mental disorder and do not seek help from a specialist.

does Not have the authority of the mother in conflict the family indulges daughters around, and the father perceives the behavior of his daughter, as the whims and taking measures for the suppression of these moods. Sometimes due to disease of the teenager's parents together, but remain largely indifferent to the problem.

Thus you can see that on the occurrence of eating disorders affects not only the teenager, but family and the environment in which it is located.

Elena Barkhatova
Статья выложена в ознакомительных целях. Все права на текст принадлежат ресурсу и/или автору (B17 B17)

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