last year I took a course of NLP Practice known to many in Kaliningrad, Russian school NLP where I teach the students Hope Vladislavovo. In parallel, devoted much time to the study of the works Peleato, Pucelik, Dilts, Gorin and of course grinder and Bandler. In this regard, I consider myself a "topic" of this question sufficiently to my score NLP was regarded as constructive.
neuro-linguistic programming is a very controversial method. There are many studies proving its efficacy and refute. In addition to his scientific and validity, he also discussed on the subject of ethics. After all, many NLP-coach openly promote the idea of using the method in the context of manipulative, teaching to apply the skills NLP in the process of negotiation and recruitment than willing to use businessmen and sects.
Myths about NLP gave this direction is impressive, but not impressive reputation. Of the 15 interviewed students in psychology areas of BFU them. 14 Kant expressed their negative attitude to this method, one abstained, citing lack of awareness. This opinion was shared by 8 of 10 respondents practicing psychologists. Thus of the 22 people who have expressed a negative attitude, only 4 referred to the pseudoscientific method. The rest were guided by the ethical application of NLP because of widespread schools of manipulative NLP.
Speaking about NLP, you must first understand his original idea, which initiated the development of this direction. John grinder and Richard Bandler under the influence of Gregory Batson wanted to create a universal model for the development of any skills, consisting of templates, or patterns, the so-called successful behavior. They stood out in the process of monitoring people who supposedly achieved success in any sphere.
the Word "programming" means the process of building these patterns in sequence to achieve success in any activity. The selection of correct templates actually was supposed to be a step-by-step instructions to achieve the objectives.
the First source of patterns was the work with the client three legendary therapists: Milton Erickson, who created their own direction of hypnotherapy, the founder of Gestalt therapy Fritz Perls and the founder of the family therapy of Virginia Satir. Watching their work, grinder and Bandler attempted to provide a "basis" of their work with the client, as well as its direct goal. In other words, they wanted to understand where therapists lead customers and how they do it.
In the end, there was a certain eclectic model that includes the General patterns for all three. It should be noted that the authors of NLP does not always specify what and from whom they took. Although some connections can be traced very clearly. For example, the idea of Perls expressed in the so-called Gestalt prayer is clearly reflected in the basic presuppositions on which NLP holds that brought them to a full-fledged strategy transformation unsuccessful behaviors into successful.
the Main template is a step-by-step teaching principle and practical application of knowledge. Highlighting it, I was guided by the theory of gradual formation of mental actions by P. Y. Galperin. It can be considered as algoritmicheskie step-by-step guide for teachers to build learning process. So Halperin jokingly to be called one of dobandirea of Nelprof. He actually made the pedagogical process is the same as the founders of NLP created a step-by-step learning algorithm.
I for two consecutive years held a practical training in a boarding school for retarded children in the village of Krylovo. Some handiworks of children (with at least moderate intellectual defect) outnumbered those that did I, a person with a relatively high level of intelligence, in the classroom work at school. The secret to children's success was just in the skills step by step. Therefore, in spite of your skepticism to NLP, the effectiveness of this method to convince me not necessary.
Next should follow a practical application of knowledge, which has two functions. First, it's an experiment that will help test the effectiveness of the selected templates. Second, sometimes to use them, need a serious skill that requires practice.
In NLP the entire learning process is based on certain principles which are as follows (actually more of them, I highlighted core):
- Lesions, there is only acquired by experience;
- the Meaning of action in its consequences;
- success after failure – flexibility of behavior.
Thus, we can conclude that NLP is a method of teaching that is based on the allocation and use patterns of successful behavior. Its claim to status of psychotherapeutic approach arise on the background of the fact that the first of them were allocated to it from psychotherapeutic practice. This indirectly indicates the potential success of the method in this context.
Now that I explained my position in relation to NLP, in the next article I will try to explain how NLP-trainer cheat their students and themselves, touching on the theme of manipulation, the justification of costs on training and the scientific basis of NLP.