let me Start from afar. We all know that not only people in conflict with each other, but the group. When one community is very like another. And it will have turned into quite a noticeable conflict.

This direction is studied by social psychology. Today I leave aside the research on the impact of personality on intergroup conflict. And please take a look at some of the theory of group level.

First remember Donald Campbell with his theory of the real group conflict, which claimed the main cause of the conflict is competition for resources. He identified the following conflict situation:

competitors of the group, not the people
- limited resources: material and symbolic (it is interesting, for example: status, prestige, and the degree of influence claimed by the group)
- the contradictions in past, present or future
- interact as a "zero sum"(this is when one win, second lose. Cannot be distribution)

Here I focus attention on how things work in some training, men's training, the new religious organizations in General, and Sevastopol in particular.

Definitely there is a division into friends and foes - which suggests the formation of the group. Clearly there is a motive of competition for resources - "we need money", or "it is important to Express yourself". Clearly there is a motive of opposition and contradiction between the views of the group and the rest of the world. And, as a rule, implicitly looming idea that we have to win and be a winner.
Of all this I venture to infer that these groups of people are inherently prone to produce conflict between itself and all the surrounding society. This is not extremism, but there is fertile ground.

Second: the theory of relative deprivation. It was developed by Samuel Stouffer, Walter Runciman, James Davis. According to their theory - the cause of intergroup conflict - a sense of group deprivation(bummer, injustice, wrong allocation of resources). I.e. people believe that someone richer than them, and that their position group worse than others and therefore need to fight. There are associated factors of emotions and conscious analysis. Why people so firmly believe in it. A smell of Marxism. But a little bit.

is Also important in the urban movements. First hard pedaliruetsya the idea that we are not worthy. And then people and motivate not necessary. It is even more fertile ground for extremism.

Consider also the social identity theory proposed by Henry Tesfalem. According to her, people perceive themselves as members of groups - social identity. And through a group of people defines themselves as a person. And the cause of the conflict - the desire to protect their self-concept. And this is a very powerful motive. br>
ie if we define ourselves as citizens of the greatest country in the world, it is a may want to kill everyone who says something bad about the country. Or their business coach. Or the coolest men's training. And if you don't kill something bit refreshment. Familiar? And then! For this purpose people uses different methods considered by the author. But they won't. Stretch article.

And last: self-categorization theory John Turner, who argued that there are three levels of perception of people: personal, group and universal. And it is at the group level, people strive to make the world a "certain". Here and there inter-group conflict when sharing their own and others groups to certain categories. This theory resonates with the theory of social identity Colin Leach and colleagues say that people are necessarily divided into "us good" and "bad them."

don't Even want to cite the example of organizations and groups - which is exactly what I think. Consciously or not divide it into "dedicated, knowledgeable reaching" and "lazy rascals, the negativists". You are easily able to see these diplomaragnidae soil extremism, chauvinism and xenophobia. br>

- the motive of meaning: make life meaningful
- the motive of continuity to link together the past, present and future.
motive accessories: allow children to feel acceptance and support from other people
- the motive of efficiency: allow you to feel effective and to achieve goals
- the motive of self-evaluation: increase self-esteem
- the motive of the differences: allow to feel their difference from other people.

Here is the simple criteria to identify groups and communities which will potentially be nurturing conflict-minded individuals. And that never beneficial for society as a whole.

Stanislav Suda
Статья выложена в ознакомительных целях. Все права на текст принадлежат ресурсу и/или автору (B17 B17)

Что интересного на портале?