unfortunately, postpartum depression is quite common. According to various estimates, it affects up to 10-20% of all women who recently became mothers.
the already difficult situation is aggravated still a paradox: in developing countries, postpartum depression is more common, but at the level of society it is given much less attention than in countries with higher levels of socio-economic development, there are no special state programmes for the prevention of this condition, early detection and assist those who are faced with this trouble. The result is suffering, in fact, a serious disease woman not only gets help from others, but also confront their misunderstanding and condemnation, hears statements like "it's just hormones", "you have such a wonderful baby, you can't be unhappy," "you just read the Internet, better get busy, the depression will go away". It is clear that such "advice and recommendations" not only does not help but further aggravate the condition, prolonging the treatment for such is required in such situations professional help.
Postpartum depression can manifest during the first years of a child's life. Although it often begins during the first three months after birth. And here still it is important to note that it is not necessary to confuse postpartum depression with the so-called baby Blues. Baby Blues is more or less a short-term decline of mood (kind of a mini-depression, lasting from two days to two weeks), which occurs in the first days after birth (usually 3-5 days) and caused, in the most common version, the sudden hormonal surge. This condition is very unpleasant, but extremely common (face it, according to various estimates, from 40 to 80% of women who recently gave birth) and usually goes away by itself without intervention. However, here, of course, very important reactions of loved ones. It's one thing if they know that such a thing can occur, it is normal that a woman should support and help her through this difficult period, and quite another – when a woman is faced with misunderstanding and even condemnation from those closest to you (who has just given birth because a woman simply has to be tranquilly happy!), in this case, of course, the condition may be delayed and severe and sometimes overgrow in the "full" postpartum depression.
so, what are the causes of postpartum depression? I must say that they share at least on social (related to the objectively difficult situation of the woman and her family), biological (the description of which I will leave to the doctors), and in fact psychological. Here's the latest-we and list.
the Likelihood of transfer is higher in women who not feel warmth and care from the people around them. And of importance here are two aspects: the number of people from whom women can obtain support, and the extent to which it satisfied with its relationship with others.
it is not Surprising that a special role here will play the women's relationships with their partner, which, in theory, should be most supportive for her and the closest person. We understand that in life not always. If the relationship is perceived as cold and superficial, if partner tend to control and limit the likelihood of transfer increases.
unfortunately, this factor can also play its negative role. First, usually unmarried women still objectively less help and support. In addition, in some cultures a woman who has given birth to a child outside marriage, can still be condemned. As a result, she feels pressure from others and feels a sense of guilt, which can play a significant role in the emergence of depression.
This is one of the possible reasons for the DWP. Moreover, in the case of such negative attitudes, rejection of pregnancy, symptoms of depression can develop even before birth.
In modern psychological literature uses the term self-efficacy. In General, it refers to a person's confidence in their own abilities to cope with their responsibilities, including the parent. There is evidence that low maternal self-efficacy increases the risk of transfer.