Mandala (Mandala) - in Sanskrit "circle", however, in a complex geometric composition of the mandala, you can find the most different elements: square, ovals, curves, triangles. different peoples in different cultures mandala has a spiritual meaning symbolic reflection of the world and mental harmony.
Mandala, harmonious figure in the circle historic times was used as a tool of concentration, tranquility and meditation. Image of mandalas can be found on Chinese bronze mirrors, the tambourines of Siberian shamans, in the diagrams of labyrinths, architectural compositions, for example Shanyrak of the Yurt – mandala and the flower bed in the Park - mandala, pleasing to the eye and soul.
Carl Gustaf Yung was one of the first European scientists-psychologists who carefully studied the mandala. He believed the mandala extremely powerful symbol, which is the visible projection of the mental world, and expresses the self of the person. Currently, many experts continue with the tradition of the study of Mandal.
In psychological, educational work with children and adolescents on the lessons of Self-knowledge of the psychological possibilities of mandalas may be used in the following ways:
- Ø stabilize the emotional state, the normalization behavior of (coloring mandalas ready colouring),
- Ø purposes of self-actualization, of self-discovery ,
- Ø to diagnose current mood (colorizing a white circle),
- Ø in order to study a group of social relationships (a collective creation of individual mandalas and then create a collective composition),
- Ø purpose of identifying and enhancing specific subjects (for example, paint a circle symbolizing school, family, the image of "I", the image of the world, "Friendship", "Love", "Anger", etc.)
- mandala Ø also relevant for the development of creative thinking, development of arbitrariness of conduct, relieve internal stress, the development of a small motility of hands, education, patience and accuracy, enhancing the resources of the person.
are There rules for work of the teacher, the psychologist with the child
when using mandalas:
- If this mandala-coloring, then some suggested, let the pupil chooses on the form, the pattern, the closer to him on the mood.
- Selection of mandalas and the story of the work the student performs independently.
- the Materials and color (pencils, markers, paints, pastels) the child chooses on their own.
- the Process is limited only by the degree of saturation and satisfaction with work.
- Carried out the principle of non-interference in the work of the adult child without his consent.
- the Principle of avoidance of comment on the work.
- the Student gives the name of the mandala as painted and created.
- After operation the child talks about his feelings about working on the mandala and its relationship to the result.