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Asocial (immoral) behavior is a behavior, refuse to comply with moral norms directly threatening the welfare of interpersonal relations. It can manifest as aggressive behavior, sexual deviation (promiscuity, prostitution, abuse, etc.), involvement in gambling for money, vagrancy, izhdivenstve [1, p. 3]. The relevance of prevention of antisocial behavior of adolescents, the importance and necessity of its conduct, no one doubts.Recently in our country, a growing number of underachieving teenagers at school who use alcohol and drugs, committing criminal offences and crimes. And it makes one think, because of what the teenager in your free time, how to arrange their leisure time, depends on the further formation of his personal qualities and needs, value orientations and worldviews, and in General determines his position in society. It is generally accepted that there are three levels of prevention:Primary level - a system of measures aimed at addressing conditions and causes of conflicts and antisocial behavior. Its task: harmonization of the emotional-volitional sphere of adolescents, the prevention of conflicts, the formation of moral sentiments and the development of the ability to control their emotions. The secondary level is a complex of measures aimed at early detection of deviant behavior of teenagers, prevention of recurrent antisocial behaviour and conflict. Tertiary prevention - element secondary, for social rehabilitation of minors who served a sentence in juvenile hall for crimes. Within the framework of interagency cooperation with the public schools believe it is possible the implementation of the primary level of prevention of asocial behavior of children and adolescents. Specialists GBU Spsid "planet Family" on a regular basis, carry out preventive measures on the basis of comprehensive schools of area Chertanovo Northern. Classes are held in the form of class hours – psychological training for the students of 5-th and 9-th grades. The topics of the course are extensive. For example, to prevent the use by pupils of psychoactive substances developed by training "On the harmonization of the emotional-volitional spheres by means of images of nature and its sounds" (based on the theory ethnofunctional personality development A. V. Sukharev). M. Montessori was one of the first researchers who claimed the necessity of the child's contact with nature. She said that the child more connected with nature than adults, and receives more from contact with her. Nature has a beneficial emotional impact on children. At the sight of a flower, insect or animal, the child is filled with joy and wonder, contemplating this, he develops a love of life [3, p. 77]. The interaction of children with nature allows to form such personality traits as responsibility and patience. The inhabitants of large cities, not having the opportunity to go to nature can help images of nature and audio recordings of nature sounds (birdsong, rain, the crunch of snow, etc.). Participants receive the opportunity to dive into his early childhood through ethnofunctional structured interview A. V. Sukharev [4], Recalling images of nature and fairy tales. And then immersed, first in a tropical forest, then winter forest of Central Russia. Such a contrast allows you to feel and understand the images of some of nature, fill the body of a teenager with energy, allow you to feel a surge of strength, then share your feelings with other participants. The final stage of training performs spontaneous drawing under instrumental music. A number of group classes with students was devoted to an unusual festivals "world Sleep day", "Day of Thanks", "world Health day". Annually at the beginning of December, the State budget institution of Moscow city Center of support of family and childhood "planet Families" were held class hours "Lessons of kindness", devoted to Day of disabled persons. The purpose: formation of ideas about the "special child"; a familiarity with some of the problems of children with disabilities; to develop a sense of empathy towards people with disabilities (HIA), raising respectful, humane, and careful attitude to disabled people through the love of animals. This is another opportunity to focus our attention on those people who live near us and need our compassion and mercy. During the class, a psychologist and specialist in social work tried to develop in children the correct and appropriate attitude towards persons with disabilities and to attract the attention of schoolchildren to the problems of children with disabilities.References:1. Makarycheva G. I. Training for teenagers. Prevention of antisocial behavior. Publishing It; 2008. 192 p. 2. Makeev, A. G., Early prevention of drug addiction in children and adolescents, M. 2000. 128с.3. Montessori M. My method. Publishing house "tsentrpoligraf"; 2010 414с.4. Sukharev A. V. Ethnofunctional paradigm in psychology, - M.: Publishing house "Institute of psychology RAS", 2008. 574с.
Shustova Victoria
2018-09-05
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