How to determine the presence of disorder, which can lead to a food disorder?
you Must ask the question: "How much time is devoted to thinking about food, weight and appearance?"
If these thoughts are taking so long that they affect the emotional sphere of life, then it is necessary to assume the existence of eating disorders. It is important to consider food violations from this point of view, than to receive the answer "there is" or "no". Nutritional disorders and disorders of body image are accompanied by depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, etc.
eating disorders are described in the academic and medical reference
List of food disorders according to the DSM-V (may 2013):
avoidant (restrictive) eating behavior;
other specific eating disorders;
nonspecific eating disorders;
pietism, parorexia - eating inedible;
disorders of mastication
Anorexia is a deficiency of calories which leads to significant weight loss. Disorder anorexia is characterized by intense fear of gaining weight, or fear of the presence of fat. If the fear is not expressed, then there is obsessive behavior in relation to weight gain, despite the fact that the weight of a small. Suffering from anorexia do not take seriously the fact of shortage of weight and not be aware of existing thinness and lack of weight, their self esteem depends on weight and body shape.br>
Bulimia is defined as repeated instances of overeating. About overeating evidenced by the cases of eating large amount of food at normal meal would take two hours, accompanied by a loss of control regarding the amount of food eaten (symptom, when you can't stop eating or control the amount eaten). Also, for bulimia nervosa the person compensates for cases of overeating by hunger, vomiting, exhausting physical exercises, techniques of diuretics and other medicines. In bulimia, the characteristic concern with weight and body shape.br>
Gluttony or overeating is a recurring episodes of binge eating. Overeating means the absorption of this amount of food, which is usually impossible to eat for two hours with a mandatory loss of control over eating, or its quantity (characterized by a sense of inability to stop or control the amount eaten). Gluttony can also include: eating at a fast pace (faster than usual), eating until you feel painful discomfort, eating without hunger, eating alone due to shame for the amount of food eaten, the feeling of self-loathing, depression, or guilt from overeating.br>
Peak is eating inedible, no nutritional value within a month. For example, eating cotton or clay.br>
Disorders of mastication
Disorders of chewing is obsessive regurgitation of food during the month, includes already swallowed chewing, re-swallowing or spitting chewed food.br>
Avoidant eating behavior
Avoidant/Restrictive food behavior (ARFID) is a meals that do not meet the energy capacity of the body, accompanied by a significant loss of weight or energy. Signal is significant weight loss or inability to gain, there is a shortage and the energy loss in psychosocial functioning due to nutrition or a deficiency of food.br>
Specific eating disorders
They are the typical symptoms of disorder without the full picture. Total there are five disorders (OSFED):
Atypical anorexia nervosa: all of the symptoms of anorexia, but weight may remain normal.
Overeating is less common in the incompleteness of all symptoms.
bulimia nervosa, there are not all of the symptoms, is less common
Obesity - weight gain without overeating
night eating Syndrome - eating 25% or more of your diet after dinner, which is characterized by night waking up with a purpose to eat.br>
Not to specific eating disorders, this disorders that do not meet all the criteria listed disorders causing severe emotional stress or impact on daily life.br>
English Translation by Marina Kulikova on materials programmes ANAD and especially for psy4psy.
Prepared in the framework of psycho-therapeutic groups about body weight and beauty. There is a set group it on-line and in person in Moscow.