The child is active and hyperactive. What's the difference?

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the Child is alive, mobile, active - what's wrong with that? Moreover, he's smart as a whip, at least, the computer has mastered much faster and better grandmother knows how to set in motion a complicated toy, with the TV remote - there are no problems. Doctors for developmental delay is not indicated. And yet you constantly exasperated his restlessness, running around, the fidgeting, impatience, unintelligible answer. 

should Not be any excited child to be classified as hyperactive. If your child is full of energy, if it hits over the edge, causing the baby sometimes becomes stubborn and disobedient, this does not mean that he is hyperactive. If you were talking with your friend, and the child gets angry, can not stand in place, sit at the table - this is normal. Tire the kids and long journeys. Every child from time to time there are moments of anger. And how many children begin to "roam" in bed when it's time to sleep, or indulge in the shop! The fact that the child becomes like clockwork, giving an outlet for boredom, is not considered a symptom of hyperactivity. Maybe it's temporary. Or just the situation. 

here lies the main difference between the child living, from active hyperactive. Hyperactive child, regardless of the situation, in any environment - at home, at a party, on the Playground, the puppet theater, the bus will behave the same way: to run, move around aimlessly, not stopping long in any, the most interesting subject. And it will not work nor infinite requests or persuasion, or bribery. He just can't stop. It is not the mechanism of self-control, unlike his peers, even the most spoiled and living. These can persuade, punish, in the end. Hyperactive - no. 

the Manifestation of attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity is defined by three main criteria. It is INATTENTION, HYPERACTIVITY and IMPULSIVITY. 
the Concept of "INATTENTION" in this case consists of the following: 
 Usually the child is unable to keep (to focus) the attention to the details of why he makes mistakes when carrying out any job (home daycare). 
 Child is unable to listen to the speech addressed to him, because of what the impression that he ignores the words and comments of others. 
 Child is not able to bring work to the end. 
 Child is experiencing enormous difficulties in the process of organizing its own activities (no matter is to build a house out of blocks or to write a school essay). 
 Child avoids tasks that require prolonged mental effort. 
 Child often loses items, items needed at school and at home: in kindergarten can never find my hat in the class - pen or a diary, although previously my mom had collected and put in one place. 
 Child is easily distracted by extraneous stimuli. 
 Child constantly forgets everything. 

to supply the child with the diagnosis of "inattention," he must attend at least six of the following symptoms that persist at least six months and expressed constantly, that does not allow the child to adapt to normal age-related environment. 

the Concept of "HYPERACTIVITY" includes the following features: 
 Child fussy, never sits quietly. You can often see how unreasonable he moves his hands, feet, and crawl on the chair, constantly looks back. 
 Child is not able to sit still, jumps up without permission, walks, etc. 
 the Motor activity of the child, as a rule, has a purpose. He just runs, turns, scrambles, trying to somewhere to climb, but it is not secure. 
 Child cannot play in quiet games, relax, sit quietly and calmly, to do something specific. 
 the Child is always focused on the movement. 
 Often talkative. 

the Concept of "IMPULSIVENESS" includes the following features: 
 the Child often answers questions without hesitation, without hearing them to the end, sometimes just yell out the answers. 
 Child have difficulty waiting their turn, regardless of the situation. 
 Child usually interferes with others, interfere with conversations, games, sticks to the outside. 
to Talk about hyperactivity and impulsivity only in the case of the above symptoms are present for at least six and they are preserved for at least six months. 

According to statistics, the syndrome of attention disorders with hyperactivity occurs almost five times more often in boys than in girls. Why? So, apparently, nature has taken care, creating the girl to be more resilient even in the womb. She's not as receptive to all sorts of harmful (pathogenic) influences. In addition, the brain of the beautiful half of humanity is significantly different from the brain of a strong half. Large hemispheres of the brain in girls are less specialized, so they better compensate any damage to the Central nervous system. Among girls less common "perpetual motion", as a rule, the disease manifests as impairment of attention, so they learn worse, often in pain and barely in contact in the team. 

the Most notable hyperactivity and attention problems become by the time the child enters kindergarten, and take quite threatening in elementary school. 

Why in kindergarten? Yes, because that's where the kid first encounters with real life. He gets in an organized situation, the team, living by the rules, regulations, and every member of this team requires a sufficient degree of self-control. They should be able to do one thing, to be able to sit quietly, to be able to listen to the teacher, to be able to respond to him and much more, what a hyperactive child simply can not, he can't know. He is not guilty. 

But the problems still begin. And every year they become more and more acute. Educators and teachers complain of the incessant anxiety that comes from the child. Tired parents notice everything else that the faster it wears out clothes and shoes ("all burn"), meddling, whistles, chatters incessantly, lifts brothers and friends and impulsively touched his hand to anyone who passes by. 

This is the explanation: the Central nervous system hyperactive child does not cope with the new (increased) workloads, both physical and mental. A hyperactive student is feeling, to put it mildly, uncomfortable in the team. After all, once in the category "underachieving", he begins to feel a negative attitude from teachers and peers, that is further aggravated by inadequate active behavior. The unfortunate child is often scolded, laughing at him, "do not take the game". Because of this imbalance, temper, low self - esteem- typical emotions in ADHD - receive an additional incentive. 

But it happens quite the opposite - a hyperactive little man is a leader. And then the team, which he heads, shakes and stirs many years. 

it is important to remember that these children usually have no sense of fear. They can not hesitate to jump out on the road in front of a speeding car, jump from any height, to dive deep, not knowing how to swim, etc. it needs a special adult supervision. 

Only a strong-willed effort on the part of adults this problem is not resolved, the hyperactive child needs the help of specialists (doctors, psychologists, teachers). 

we need help not only hyperactive child, but his family members, parents don't always know how to interact with their child based on its individual and age characteristics: to organize the space, the mode of the day, make demands and monitor their implementation as to retain the trust of the child, what sports clubs you can attend to baby and many more. LARGELY FROM THE EFFORTS OF PARENTS AND THEIR DESIRE TO HELP THEIR CHILD DEPENDS ON THE SUCCESS OF THE ADAPTATION OF A HYPERACTIVE CHILD IN SOCIETY.


2019-09-04
Статья выложена в ознакомительных целях. Все права на текст принадлежат ресурсу и/или автору (B17 B17)

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