the motive of the journey – one of the most ancient. Remember the famous Odyssey, the Russian Ivan, the brave Gilgamesh, went to the realm of the dead, the genre of “walking” in ancient literature, finally Bun a children's story. In these and many other works embodied the idea of the journey as a symbol of life. However, the hero's journey – is not just about myths, fairy tales, paintings by artists and Directors. This about us, because every human life can be read as a fascinating story, with defeats, victories, overcoming yourself. Subsequently, and K. Vogler, whose work will become a kind of Bible for screenwriters of Hollywood and several film companies in the world, will appeal to those archetypal moments that were given John. Campbell. These two works – “Tysyacheletii hero” and “the Journey of the author” as Vogler – will be in tandem not only because of the unified object of study and numerous references in the work of Vogler on his talented predecessor. Their closeness is due to the fact that they contain great potential for psychologists working in the mainstream art therapy, and to be precise – fairy-tale therapy.
Human life as a symbolic path, or the unity of monomera
“Mythology is psychology, erroneously read as a biography, history and cosmology», - said Campbell . As G. K. Yung, he believed that all the world's cultural heritage is common core – key moments that influence the development of character and personality of the person. At the same time, as we know from psychology that causes different reactions depending on the character, but the set is not infinite. There is much we can predict the behavior of the hero.
Similar stories in cultures that did not interact with each other, the universal human psyche, emotions that have no nationality that is not dependent on mentality – all this is reflected in folklore, mythology, literature, painting, theater. Three-part structure of tales, the symbolism of the number “three” in the form of triple spells, denials, confessions, action – is the most sustainable model, broadcast in almost any work of art. Beginning with the Bible, this Book of books, the number three takes on a symbolism, a rich and powerful meanings, referring to the divine Trinity, that is, to the harmony of the individual and the world.
Why the number of “3” so popular? In the opinion of Campbell, it is connected, including, with the three stages of the path of each character. The structure of any story is based on:
- “Exodus” (the beginning, when the hero obeys his after internal struggle and doubts);
- “initiation” (internal transformation, when a person either wins, moving to the new level of development, or fails to with new forces again to take the call);
- “return” (new quality with potential big changes either within themselves or within the family or even an entire people).
the same periodicity built and human life: all of us at some point have to go through initiation-a kind of initiation involving tension forces, the ability to give up pleasures, struggle with our own shadow side – to move into a new stage of personal growth. So, take client to write a story about yourself, the psychologist can easily understand at what stage is the hero sitting in front of him, what is the logic of this phase and strategies. If he still doubts at the stage of “outcome”, you can work on this and to give an impulse, speaking for the customer original guide. Or Trickster, provoking to action. If it is in the second stage, “initiate”, you can provide it “magic” knowledge that will be a powerful weapon. With the concept of Campbell managed at least a little structure, even such a multidimensional phenomenon as human life.
Shaped symbols as the implementation of archetypes in the concept of John. Campbell
On the way the hero meets many other people and creatures, and there is nothing accidental – that would not work for the story and the fullest possible disclosure of personal character traits. So, fairy godmother, benevolent old lady or the virgin Mary reviewed by Campbell as the embodiment of a single archetype-the feminine, seeking shelter for the hero of his Father (in this symbolic role can be God himself, human Consciousness, Intelligence, male component of the psyche). The Father figure is interpreted Campbell as “the initiating priest”. All stories related to the opposition to a dangerous enemy, refer to this archetypal patterns: the hero either fights with his Father, to surpass him and thus pass the initiation.
either grapple with his own Shadow, and then the Father is the Mind of the hero, whose light helps to defeat the shadow side of a person. «where the efforts of the hero is aimed at finding the unknown father, the basic symbolism remains that the symbolism of the trials and the path of his self” . In the stories about the murder of his Father (the myth of king Oedipus, "the Brothers Karamazov" Dostoevsky, etc.) naturally occurs and disintegration of the personality of the son, because, says George. Campbell, “father and son – one. The mysterious figure re-dissolve in the initial chaos” .
the Interpretation of the author fits in the Jungian concept of the existence of anima and animus within each of us, regardless of gender. If a weak spot – Anima – then the hero gets in the way of its discovery or recovery. Among these stories include all the stories about finding beauty, the sleeping Princess, saving her from the clutches of the enemy, overcoming challenges, to enter into a symbolic marriage – to restore the harmony of male and female. If a weak spot – animus, is a way of testing associated with the test of will, determination, skills to achieve the goal. To help the hero to come satellites, animals, people - all those whom he once helped, or the hero undergoes a personal transformation under the influence of the feminine.
with regard to the intervention of gods in the fate of the characters, according to the thoughts of Campbell, is an illustration of how we are subject to the laws existing in society.
symbolism of the circle or the integrity of monomera
As psychologists say, every person goes through a transformation roughly every 7 years. Monomer about the hero's journey – is actually the embodiment of every 7 years. Everything in life is cyclical: do not pass initiation are back to the original spot to try again, and so on. Her past success – go to a new situation, preparing new tests. In the book, Campbell refers to the circular principle of building monolife: “Full circle, the rule of monomera, requires that the hero have now started following your tasks – brought the Runes of wisdom, the Golden fleece or the sleeping Princess in the Kingdom of men, where he came from and where it is good can help rebuild our community, nation, planet, or ten thousand worlds" . The most important thing – to understand that with the completion of one of the leg immediately begins a new, because life involves the dynamics of nature – this is its meaning. It turns out the principle of the circle or spiral: new spiral of the hero once again in doubt, lose overcome – starts with a clean slate, but on a completely different level. This is the mythological understanding development: changing the quality of the person in the eternal repetition of the steps, the experience of universal emotions, committing acts for the benefit of himself and others.
Published on the portal: https://psychosearch.ru/biblioteka/559-j-campbell-the-thousand-faced-hero