The idea of the unconscious in Jungian psychology


1. The focus of the unconscious for the future

Jungian psychology does not share a reductive approach, considering that all the manifestations of the psyche are an echo of the events of early childhood. Without denying the influence of the past, Jungian approach also takes into account the influence of the future, believing that mental development is the goal, spodvigla the individual to continue to move forward. Yung believed that the images of the unconscious (dreams, fantasies, slips) in addition to causality, there is focus, focus on the future. This assumption allowed him to introduce in his psychological system concepts such as purpose and destiny, gives meaning to individual human lives and all human history as a whole. This is the cornerstone of Jungian psychology.

2. Compensatorily unconscious

James Hillman, a Jungian analyst : ".... what is not allowed in the realization, breaks the clumsy, Intrusive ways, acting on the minds of precisely those qualities it strives to exclude".

as important in the understanding of the unconscious is the Jungian idea that the unconscious is compensatory positions relative to consciousness. Consciousness helps us to successfully adapt to objective reality, the unconscious, with dreams and fantasies compensate for the "day setting", not allowing the mentality "collapses" to one side, maintaining its integrity and stability.

the one-Sidedness of our consciousness is the result of intentionality, that is, orientation. This allows it to function effectively, focusing on the most important and leaving behind the border of perception is insignificant. If the orientation of the conscious system is too strong and does not allow for the intervention of unconscious elements, they begin to accumulate and at some point when the voltage reaches the limit, literally burst into the mind, causing the human neurosis, a psychotic attack or extremely undesirable behavior.

3. The inexhaustibility of the unconscious

the Concept of the unconscious from the Freud in fact close to the memory in the unconscious there is nothing that does not exist in the mind. Yung not deny the fact that the unconscious contains repressed from consciousness material, but that, in his opinion, the unconscious is not exhausted. It also contains memory of the whole previous development of humanity, i.e., the unconscious contains both personal and collective material. And in addition, it contains future meanings, unconscious in the words of Jung, is "the seeds of future contents of consciousness". And if in case Freud we can expect that sooner or later exhausts the "basement" of the unconscious, took out all the repressed memories and experiences, in the case of young's count on it to have. This implies a different strategy of analysis: not only strive to get to the surface of consciousness all the contents of the personal unconscious of the patient, but help him to dive into the ocean of the collective unconscious, catching out the gifts of creativity and inspiration for life.

Anna Demechina
Статья выложена в ознакомительных целях. Все права на текст принадлежат ресурсу и/или автору (B17 B17)

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