What fear is and how it can be useful


For starters, perhaps makes sense after all to define the concept of fear. Fear – it is a negative emotion that a person experiences when possible or a real face that danger, or that he subjectively perceives as a threat.

fear has a different mask.

One of the masks – anxiety, which can be described as a vague fear, where does not appear a specific object or frightening situation (the topic of anxiety was discussed in a previous article).

the Following mask – Anxiety. This experience, similar to anxiety, but unlike her (anxiety) anxiety is reinforced by our imagination, one tries to analyze the possible variants of the outcome of events.

Sudden fear caused by a collision with an unexpected and unpleasant situation is called fear. It should be noted that severe fright may cause a temporary cardiac arrest.

Following the reaction the intensity of the impact on the human condition is to panic. Panic is a very strongly expressed the fear that the person experiences at the time of a fictitious or real threat. In a moment of panic a person may experience dyspnea, palpitations, muscle weakness and other physiological responses. In this state man is poorly controlled or completely loses the ability to control their behavior. A state of panic can be transmitted from person to person, in other words, you can “infected” panic. That's why the manifestation of this condition is particularly dangerous in the crowd.

finally, the phobias, which manifest as painful feelings of fear. Man phobias consciously or not, tries to avoid in reality, relatively safe places, and events that can trigger unwanted reactions, for example, the same panic. Attacks phobias may be accompanied by dizziness, nausea, loss of balance, impairment of vision and hearing, tremor, and other things.
I Want to note that phobias are engaged in psychotherapists in the area of competence of the psychologist, this direction is not included.

As you can see from the above, fear is hiding under various guises and it all depends on the intensity of physiological reactions, their duration in time and the presence/absence of a particular object of fear.

Negative aspects of fear seem obvious. Fear keeps a person in constant tension, it can interfere with fully realize his abilities. People regularly experiencing fear, unconsciously their behavior transmits the feeling to the outside world, which may contribute to the attraction in his life negative events. Prolonged exposure to fear leads to the development of psychosomatic diseases. In the end, it is a very unpleasant emotion, which poisons life.
I Think it is necessary to note that fear may be hiding a kind of benefit – to be afraid of something is easier than to truthfully look at themselves, their system of values, their real needs and, on this basis, make the decision and start to act. br>
what is the positive side of fear?
the Main positive aspect may be the mobilization of the human body. In a situation when we experience fear, we have increased levels of hormones - adrenaline and cortisone, which are responsible for the readiness of a person to action: “Bay and (or) run!” that in the event of a real threat that can help you better cope with it. However, this does not apply to as panic or phobias.
From a social point of view fear is a deterrent and helps to regulate human behavior, such as fear to commit a crime.
Also in a state of fear due to the mobilization of body is best remembering a negative situation, which subsequently helps to avoid it, that is, enables the function of self-preservation. br>
How we can help ourselves when “drove” fear?

the First thing to do is to take control of their own breathing. Want to offer a technique called “Breathing 7/11”:
1) Focus on your breathing.
2) Take a breath (count to seven).
3) breathe out (count to eleven). the
exercise needs about minutes. The main accent is a exhale should be longer than the inhale. br>
the Second important factor – awareness of what is happening. This may go a technique that is called “Awareness”:
1) Take fear or anxiety. Don't try to fight them.
2) Watch the fear: try to understand what is going on with the psyche and body.
3) Proceed as if everything is normal. Keep talking and act like nothing happened. This sends powerful signals to your subconscious mind that its over-reaction is actually not needed.
4) If necessary, repeat the steps above. the
5) Tune to the expectation of a better outcome.

Pay your attention to the fact that these technologies serve to release tension, but do not eliminate the causes of fear. To study the state of fear it is better to consult a specialist.

How can help the psychologist, the person who periodically experiences fear:
1) Identify the object or cause of fear (fear of the unknown, household fears, the fear of starting to do anything, etc.). Recall that with phobias and panic attacks works a psychiatrist, not a psychologist.
2) Work through the fear with the help of together various psychological techniques: therapeutic conversations, body-oriented therapy (working through the body), visualization and other things.
3) Choose a personal program of self-help.

1) “the Psychology of fear» Yevgeny Ilyin.
2) “the Psychology of fear: the popular encyclopedia» Yuri Shcherbatykh.

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